In 1955, 107 British Members of Parliament (Lords and
Commons) belonging to the Mundialist Parliamentary Group
following Henry USBORNE and Patrick ARMSTRONG, presented
project NEPTUNO which suggests placing the seas and
oceans off national bounds under United Nations'
jurisdiction. This project, in 1956 was brought to the
attention of the Foreign Office and of the French Prime
Minister of that time, Edgar FAURE.
As usual, the political leaders, in the name of what
they call being realistic, did not pay any attention to
Since then, "black tides" have multiplied and become
more severe ; sea and ocean pollution increases
dangerously ; the ship owners who sail under fake colors,
those slave owners of our modern world, keep spreading
devastation ; the off shore borders of Nation- States are
placed farther out because of the private decision of
each state to extend to 200 miles the limits of its
national off shore waters ; Nation- States to protect
these new frontiers, increase their war fleets ; the
amount of fish caught decreases while the population
To day, disasters happen in French Brittany, in
Mexico, in Mauritania, to morrow, it may be Great
Britain, the Netherlands or Italy.
No solution to the problem of the just administration
of the ocean can be found an Nation- State level. The
time has come to turn back to the project of the British
Mundialist Parliamentary group : world law for a world
A Nation- State left to itself, has obviously no power
to solve the problem of blacks tides.
In 1973, the delegates elected to the Peoples Congress
among whom Josué de Castro assessed that the World
Ocean, the common heritage of Humankind, had to be
safeguarded from the unrestrained greed of Nation-
States, and asked that an adequate WORLD
INSTITUTION be created, endowed with limited but
effective powers, in a position to oblige Nation- States
to follow the rules that are essential for the survival
of the World Ocean and for its being exploited for the
sake of the whole of humankind.
This plea becomes every day more urgent, but how many
more ocean disasters will be brought about before the
nation leaders agree to delegate some of the power they
detain to this World Institution ?
To day, we can see that the victims of black tides are
the victims of the selfishness of each nation- state
because national sovereignty has won over rational