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55 - July 1984

"Niet" Tchernenko answered Mitterand when the latter hinted a word of Sakharov's case. This "no" was a perfect example of the principle of non-intervention in a State"s Home affairs.

What did Pinochet or Sekou Touré do ? What did some "democratic" countries, for example France during the war in Algeria or Germany during the time of "Arbeitverbot" and many other countries do ? Same answer.

Does this not administer the proof that the wall of the unconditional national sovereignty which is the rampart erected for the building of every State, prohibits any exterior intervention that would allow control of the respect of human rights ?

Sakharov's family (as today hi is the "sample case" … but, unhappily not the only one) think of appealing to the U.N. What kind of intervention can the U.N. undertake ? Can a meeting be arranged with Sakharov, for instance ? Certainly not. What real power is the U.N.'s ? None. But what organizations could be approached ? None. Not one is in existence. About this let us review a few declaration :

René CASSIN, Peace Nobel prize, declared, on 12.14.1848, that "to limit the monstrous transgressions of unconditional national sovereignty, the States have not yet lost the repugnance they have towards intervention, in their home affaires, of the international community".

Gaston THORN, then the President of the Luxemburg government, wrote in the daily "Le Monde" 12.10.76 : "The final goal of what we undertake is the recognition and the protecting at international level of the juridical autonomy of the individual. We have not succeeded until now because of the difficulty of reconciling the principle of national sovereignty and the ideals expressed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The solution of this delicate problem can only be found if nations consent to transfer, freely and under precise conditions, a quota of their sovereignty (until now exclusively belonging to the Nations-State) to an international authority".

Kurt WALDEIM, then the General Secretary of U.N., on 9.12.1977, also called into question Art. 2 Para 7 of the U.N. Charter which stipulates that : "Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the U.N. to intervene in matters that are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state".

Hence, how could it be possible to intervene within a state unless that State accepts some curtailing of national sovereignty which would allow a Supranational World Institution to observe, on the spot, the respect or the lack of respect for Human Rights.

AMIP - Mundialist News Agency

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