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Has the Peoples Congress statutes ?

The Peoples Congress is an autonomous institution built around "Regulation". These Regulations were adopted at the session of Paris in July 1977 and was published in the book "Peoples Congress". These Regulations were amended at the session of Paris in October 2003. The current version of the Regulations was adopted by a vote during the session of Liege in November 2007.

The Peoples Congress does not have "national" statute. It is relayed to a national level if necessary "insurance, banking practice or other) by committees for the Peoples Congress.

1. The legal Situation :

By history, the Peoples Congress stems from a determination supported by individuals and organs of society. The very idea of the Peoples Congress was officially presented at the Congress of World Federalists held in Brussels in early May 1963, bringing forth from the people's world an elected organ to represent it and to create step by step, the world law. The electorate consists of people who have voluntarily registered as voters either directly with the Registry of World Citizens of indirectly from a geographic community of with Movements. From this point of view, the Peoples Congress is absolutely independent of states and international organizations.

The 12 pas elections have involved about 110,000 voters spread in 114 countries. This transnational basis and supranational objectives are that the Peoples Congress cannot depend on national legislation or even on an international organization.

2. It's Legitimacy :

The legal reference of the Peoples Congress is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This declaration is not a convention or an international treaty but an incredibly audacious act from its editors to announce the coming on the social and international plan "of an order" such that the rights and liberties enunciated in the present declaration can be fully realized (Article 28). The order will be based on the "will of the people", the foundation of the public authority. This will must be expressed through elections" (Article 21-3)

It is also said in that declaration that the implementation of Human Rights will be made only by the will of all individuals and all organs of society (paragraph 8 of the preamble).

This declaration was signed by 191 states which by this act recognized in advance the legitimacy of an Organ of the people to bring forth from the people of the world for the implementation of the rights and liberties there - in enunciated.

This confirms the unusual legal position of the Peoples Congress : legitimacy provided by elections confirmed by the signature of the States and therefore absolute independence rendering account only to its voters.

The Peoples Congress is governed by a "Regulation" that takes into account the three components identified by the Declaration : an "order" legitimized by the "elections" and based in its work by the participation of all individuals and organs of society (Consultative Assembly)

3. The Support Committees

This innovative existence of the Peoples Congress cannot concretely exist and live unless it leans on existing structures under the legislations "local" banks, insurance, congress organizers, security may be required in their services if only the organization conforms with the laws of the country where an event takes place.

That's why since 1963, May 23 a Committee for the Peoples Congress was established. The general idea is that such Committee can be set up in all countries where this is necessary or possible. The principle was adopted by consensus of the delegates present at the session of the Peoples Congress held in Brasilia in May 2009 and is covered in the report.

To this date, there is only on "Committee for the Peoples Congress" the one created in May 23, 1963 still in practice. This Committee is statutorily composed of representatives of three branches : two delegates to the Peoples Congress (or commissioned by it), two representatives of the Registry of World Citizens (or affiliated center), two representatives of the Consultative Assembly.

How are the finances ?

When we understand the aspects of legitimacy and recognition of the Peoples Congress and supports that are organized around it, the finance organization seems simple. The session of the Congress of Peoples held in Brasilia has confirmed the following schedule:

  • Where a support committee in the Peoples Congress are legally in relation to the legislation of the country, a bank account is opened. The payments come from "all individuals and organs of society" can be made on behalf of the Peoples Congress.
  • The multiplication of these committees support is desirable. However, in the absence of such a committee, the money paid for the Peoples Congress are preferably made in the country where there is such an account to be paid on this account.
  • The Financial Advisor, elected by the Executive Committee of the Peoples Congress manages all the sums and available to the Peoples Congress.

Pourquoi y a-t-il des Délégués dont le mandat n'est pas limité dans la durée ?

. Le Règlement du Congrès des Peuples approuvé lors de la session de 1977 à Paris, ne contient aucune limite de mandat. Par contre, les bulletins de présentation des candidats font état d'un mandat de dix ans. Il y a donc confusion à ce sujet, et diverses interprétations.

  1. Le Comité pour le Congrès des Peuples, issu du Congrès de Bruxelles (3 au 5 mai 1963), a décidé lors de la réunion du 23 mai 1963 à Paris, que le mandat des Délégués serait de deux ans au moins et de quatre ans au plus (A.4.2.)
  2. Le règlement du Congrès des Peuples approuvé lors de la session de 1977 à Paris, ne contient aucune limite de mandat (livre "Congrès des Peuples" pages 99 à 104). Ce Règlement a eu force de loi de 1977 à 2003.
  3. La limitation de mandat figurant sur le matériel électoral à partir de 1973 (v. même livre, page 108) serait le fruit d'une décision du "Comité pour le Congrès des Peuples" organisateur des élections, et non du Congrès des Peuples.
  4. Les documents diffusés par Guy Marchand, jusqu'en 1993, puis par Renée Marchand de 1993 à 1998 comportent tous, dans la marge gauche, la liste de tous les Délégués élus et de tous les Délégués suppléants selon une démarche inclusive et cumulative, ignorant toute limite de mandat.
  5. Lors de la session de Liège, en 2007, une décision a été prise à l'unanimité des Délégués présents moins une voix concernant la situation des Délégués issus des élections précédentes. Cette décision a force de loi et doit être respectée au moins jusqu'au renouvellement complet du Congrès des Peuples (2013).
  6. L'annonce faite dans le bulletin " Citoyens du Monde " n° 3 (nouvelle série) page 8 selon laquelle sept Délégués élus seraient arrivés au terme de leur mandat n'est pas fondée. L'auteur de l'article a sans doute imaginé que l'on pouvait écarter les Délégués issus des 5 premières élections. Aucune décision n'a été prise dans ce sens. Et pourquoi seulement sept Délégués, alors qu'il en reste neuf en fonction ?

La limite dans la durée du mandat des Délégués à neuf ans a été introduite au Règlement du Congrès des Peuples par une décision prise lors de la session de Paris en octobre 2003 (voir le compte-rendu au point 6.4.) . Le nouveau règlement a été voté à Liège en novembre 2007.

Quels sont les autres membres du Conseil des Sages et est-ce que l'Asie y est représentée ?

Le Conseil des Sages a été suggéré lors de la session 2003 du Congrès des Peuples, il a été institué par l'adoption du Règlement révisé le 4 novembre 2007. A ce jour, le seul membre est Henri Cainaud. Peuvent être admis comme membres tous les anciens élus du Congrès des Peuples qui en font la demande. S'agissant de délégués vivant en Asie, sont admissibles : Bhupendra Kishore, Davy Prasad, Hideaki Kuwabara, Prachoomsuk Achava-Amrung, à condition qu'ils en fassent la demande. 

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